C. Álvarez Cañón1
1Universidad de Manizales, Manizales, Colombia

Background: The relationship health- thinking was suggested since ancient times, (1,2,3); however, no public health strategies have been generated towards allowing the population to recognize mechanisms and ways in which thought can affect health.
This situation limits the participation of the subjects in their health care and allows the development of disorders such as depression and suicide that, due to their magnitude, are established as areas of epidemiological surveillance and priority intervention in Colombia (4,5,6,7,8,9).
There is evidence about work at the cognitive level (11,12,13,14) exerts a high level of effectiveness in the prevention and management of these conditions. Therefore, this research provides inputs for the development of policies and programs that aim to promote the capacity of subjects for self-care, through the recognition and early modification of harmful attitudes of thought.

Purpose: Identify the frequency of use of distorted thinking forms that could put at risk the mental health of population between 14 and 28 years old in the city of Bogota.

Methods: Quantitative, non-experimental, cross-sectional, descriptive research making use of the Likert scale and as a data collection instrument, the structured survey was applied to 480 young people between 14 and 28 years old, in the city of Bogota. A non-probabilistic population sample, which yielded a 95.5% margin of reliability, with an error range of 4.5%.

Results: 65% of the population recognizes the health-thinking relationship suggesting that thinking affects mainly their emotional state, and ultimately, their health state. 71% of the surveyed population uses distorted thinking, and 42% negative thinking, as opposed to 67% of the population that claims to use reflective thinking.

  • The surveyed population does not recognize the difference between reflective and distorted thinking. This situation hinders the ability to manage thinking as a determinant of health, enhance constituting a hidden burden factor for depression and avoidable morbidity and mortality.
  • This population requires education on Thinking Management, to participate autonomously in mental health care, as a Public Health Policy to support the achievement and maintenance of favorable states of mental and emotional health, as it is not possible to take care of yourself in the unknown.

Implications: This research sets up a scenario from which educational and public health measures can be adopted, which help to get out of the medicalized or pathologized vision of mental health, insofar as it suggests identifying in advance the recognition of habits and attitudes of thinking that have a negative impact on mental health. 
Likewise, as Korzybski (13) points out the relevance and efficiency that body resources exert in cognitive work (11,44,54) it suggests an action field, from which it is possible to articulate the work of the Physiotherapist.
Therefore, this research reveals relevant information for health care, in addition to generating inputs for mental health intervention from Physiotherapy.

Funding, acknowledgements: This research has not received any funding.

Keywords: Distorted thinking, Mental Health, Cognition

Topic: Mental health

Did this work require ethics approval? Yes
Institution: Universidad de Manizales and CINDE
Committee: Universidad de Manizales and CINDE
Ethics number: NA

All authors, affiliations and abstracts have been published as submitted.

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