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Member organisation

Nepal Physiotherapy Association

NepalAsia Western Pacific
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The Nepal Physiotherapy Association has been a member of World Physiotherapy since 2003 and is part of our Asia Western Pacific region.

World Physiotherapy member since

2003

Year members reported

2019

Number of physiotherapist members

402

Nepal: a profile of the profession in 2019

mo-pdf-iconDownload profilemo-pdf-iconData disclaimerData correct as at 30 June 2019

Professional titles protected by law

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भौतिक चिकित्सक (Vautik Chikitshak)

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Physiotherapist

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Vautik Chikitsak

About Nepal Physiotherapy Association and the physiotherapy profession in Nepal

Practising physiotherapists in the country/territory

2,000 (estimated)

0.71

Per 10,000 population

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% female

40%

In this country/territory

49%

In this region

66%

Globally

Physiotherapist members in this member organisation (MO)

402

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% female

40%

In this MO

47%

In MOs in this region

58%

In MOs globally

Physiotherapy professional entry level education

Minimum qualification required to practice

Bachelors degree

Equivalent fulltime years

5

Number of programmes

2

Regulation

* = Continuing Professional Development

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Registration required to practice

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CPD* required for re-registration

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CPD* required for membership

Practice

Which authority defines scope of practice

Ministry of Health or another government department

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Standards of practice

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Education for autonomous practice

All programmes

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Legislation to prevent private practice

Physiotherapists are permitted to

Direct access

*Direct access means a person can refer themselves to a physiotherapist without referral from another health professional

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Direct access* permitted?

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Can people self refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Will this be reimbursed?

No

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Can people self refer to physiotherapists in the public system?

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Limitations

People can refer themselves but they do not know where to go at first. This is lack of awareness. There is no rule that the patients are to be first directed to medical doctors and then to physiotherapy by referral but this has been the general practice, unfortunately.

Profile of the profession in this region

A global profile of the profession is also available.

Accessible version of data

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Afghanistan

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Not defined

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Australia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

>10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

10-15

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40-60%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

5-10

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, more than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Bangladesh

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT member organisation specific standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Bhutan

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

0

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Cambodia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

20-40%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Fiji

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40-60%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

5-10

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Partnership

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Hong Kong

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1000-10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Indonesia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

>10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

60-80%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Some

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Japan

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

>10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

10-15

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

20-40%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

10-15

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT member organisation specific standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Korea (Republic of)

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

>10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

5-10

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40-60%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

5-10

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Kuwait

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40-60%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, more than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Macau

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40-60%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

0

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Malaysia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1000-10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40-60%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

5-10

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Mongolia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

>80%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

>80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Myanmar

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

>80%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

>80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Nepal

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

20-40%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

New Zealand

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1000-10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

10-15

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

60-80%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

5-10

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT member organisation specific standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Papua New Guinea

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40-60%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

20-40%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Philippines

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1000-10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Saudi Arabia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Singapore

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Taiwan

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1000-10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

United Arab Emirates

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

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