World Physiotherapy Asia Western Pacific region

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About the region

The Asia Western Pacific (AWP) region comprises 28 member organisations, spread from the Middle East through Asia to the Pacific. Although there is diversity in terms of ethics, language, geography and development, the promotion of physiotherapy is common to all.

Key aims of the region are to:

  • establish closer cooperation among member organisations of the region
  • represent the profession in the region in consultation with or as delegated by the executive committee
  • cooperate with the various international organisations in the region in promoting World Physiotherapy objectives
  • initiate new and promote established professional activities within the region which further the aims of World Physiotherapy
  • formulate resolutions regarding matters of regional or geographical concern for proposal to the executive committee and World Physiotherapy general meeting

The region holds a general meeting of member representatives every two years, in conjunction with the World Physiotherapy congress, and a general meeting, in association with a regional congress hosted by a member organisation.

Since 1991, regional congresses have been hosted by Hong Kong, Indonesia, Singapore, South Korea, India and Taiwan. In 2019, the regional general meeting was held in Switzerland.

The AWP region has a secretariat, currently mainly supported by the Taiwan Physical Therapy Association. One member of the World Physiotherapy board is elected by the member organisations in the region for a four-year term.

AWP executive committee

Events

The AWP regional congress, held every four years, typically attracts many overseas delegates as well as a substantial number of local physiotherapists and accompanying persons. It is usually held in the middle of the year or at the time that best suits the host country and lasts 2-3 days.

In addition, a general meeting is usually held 1-2 days immediately before or after the congress and requires a meeting room for approximately 30-35 persons.

Past locations for the regional congress and general meeting:

  • 1991 Hong Kong
  • 1995 Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 2001 Singapore
  • 2005 Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009 Mumbai, India
  • 2013 Taichung, Taiwan
  • 2017 Bangkok, Thailand

The purpose of the AWP regional congress is to promote contact and interchange between physiotherapists throughout the region and provide a forum to report research findings, share information relevant to the region and support the ongoing work of the region.

Regional congress 2022

The AWP regional congress will take place in Hong Kong, 18-20 June 2022. 

For more details about meetings and events in the AWP region, please contact Ms Nai-Jia Yao at [email protected]

Contact details

    Profile of the profession in this region

    A global profile of the profession is also available.

    Accessible version of data

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    Afghanistan

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    100-1000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    <1

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Diploma

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    1-5

    Is registration required to practice?

    No

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Not defined

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    No

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    Yes

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Australia

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    >10000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    10-15

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    40-60%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    60-80%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    5-10

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Independent

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, more than one

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    Yes

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Bangladesh

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    100-1000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    <1

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    40-60%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    <1

    Is registration required to practice?

    No

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the WCPT member organisation specific standard

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    Yes

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    Yes

    Bhutan

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    <100

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    <1

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    20-40%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    40-60%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    0

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Is direct access permitted?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Cambodia

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    100-1000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    <1

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    <20%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    20-40%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Diploma

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    <1

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    Yes

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    No

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Fiji

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    <100

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    1-5

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    40-60%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    60-80%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    5-10

    Is registration required to practice?

    No

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Partnership

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the WCPT standard

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    Yes

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    No

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    Yes

    Hong Kong

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    1000-10000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    1-5

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    20-40%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    40-60%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    1-5

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Independent

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    No

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    No

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Indonesia

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    >10000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    <1

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    60-80%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    60-80%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Diploma

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    <1

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Some

    Is direct access permitted?

    No

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    Yes

    Japan

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    >10000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    10-15

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    20-40%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    20-40%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Diploma

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    10-15

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the WCPT member organisation specific standard

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    No

    Is direct access permitted?

    No

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    No

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Korea (Republic of)

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    >10000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    5-10

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    40-60%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    40-60%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Diploma

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    5-10

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    No

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    No

    Is direct access permitted?

    No

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    No

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    No

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Kuwait

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    100-1000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    1-5

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    40-60%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    60-80%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    1-5

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, more than one

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    No

    Is direct access permitted?

    No

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    No

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    No

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Macau

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    100-1000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    1-5

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    40-60%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    40-60%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    0

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Is direct access permitted?

    Yes

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Malaysia

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    1000-10000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    <1

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    40-60%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    60-80%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Diploma

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    5-10

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Is direct access permitted?

    No

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Mongolia

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    100-1000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    <1

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    >80%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    >80%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    1-5

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    No

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Myanmar

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    100-1000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    <1

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    >80%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    >80%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    <1

    Is registration required to practice?

    No

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the WCPT standard

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    No

    Is direct access permitted?

    No

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    No

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Nepal

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    100-1000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    <1

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    <20%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    20-40%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    <1

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    No

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    No

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    New Zealand

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    1000-10000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    10-15

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    60-80%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    60-80%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    5-10

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Independent

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the WCPT member organisation specific standard

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    Yes

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Papua New Guinea

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    <100

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    <1

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    40-60%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    20-40%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    <1

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    Yes

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    Yes

    Philippines

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    1000-10000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    1-5

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    20-40%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    40-60%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    1-5

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Independent

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    No

    Is direct access permitted?

    No

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    No

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Saudi Arabia

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    100-1000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    1-5

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    1-5

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    Yes

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    No

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Singapore

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    100-1000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    1-5

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    20-40%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    60-80%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    1-5

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Independent

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    Yes

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    Taiwan

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    1000-10000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    1-5

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    <20%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    40-60%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Diploma

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    1-5

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Government

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

    Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

    Yes

    Is direct access permitted?

    No

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    No

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

    United Arab Emirates

    How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

    100-1000

    How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

    1-5

    What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

    <20%

    What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

    60-80%

    What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

    Bachelors degree

    How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

    1-5

    Is registration required to practice?

    Yes

    Which authority defines scope of practice?

    Independent

    Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

    No

    Is direct access permitted?

    No

    Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

    Yes

    Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

    Yes

    Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

    No

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