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Member organisation

Singapore Physiotherapy Association

SingaporeAsia Western Pacific
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Founded in 1964, the Singapore Physiotherapy Association has been a member of World Physiotherapy since 1982 and is part of our Asia Western Pacific region.

Our 18th general meeting took place in Singapore in 2015.

Subgroups

The Singapore Physiotherapy Association recognises the following subgroups:

World Physiotherapy member since

1982

Year members reported

2020

Number of physiotherapist members

347

Singapore: a profile of the profession in 2020

mo-pdf-iconDownload profilemo-pdf-iconData disclaimerData correct as at 30 June 2020

Professional titles protected by law

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Physiotherapist / Physical Therapist

About Singapore Physiotherapy Association and the physiotherapy profession in Singapore

Practising physiotherapists in the country/territory

2,020

3.58

Per 10,000 population

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% female

71%

In this country/territory

54%

In this region

63%

Globally

Physiotherapist members in this member organisation (MO)

347

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% female

72%

In this MO

51%

In MOs in this region

61%

In MOs globally

Physiotherapy professional entry level education

Minimum qualification required to practice

Bachelors degree

Equivalent fulltime years

4

Number of programmes

2

Regulation

* = Continuing Professional Development

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Registration required to practice

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CPD* required for re-registration

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CPD* required for membership

Practice

Which authority defines scope of practice

Ministry of Health or another government department

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Standards of practice

The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

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Education for autonomous practice

All programmes

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Legislation to prevent private practice

Physiotherapists are permitted to

Direct access

*Direct access means a person can refer themselves to a physiotherapist without referral from another health professional

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Direct access* permitted?

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Can people self refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Will this be reimbursed?

In part

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Can people self refer to physiotherapists in the public system?

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Limitations

Patients/clients who self-refer will be full-fee paying without subsidy.

Special interest groups recognised by the member organisation

Continuing Professional Development (CPD) events

Profile of the profession in this region

A global profile of the profession is also available.

Accessible version of data

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Afghanistan

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

235 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.27 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

48% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

38% (20-40%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

1.35 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Not defined

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Australia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

19,031 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

14.25 (10-15)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

65% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

65% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

9 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

One or more independent regulation/licensing/registration authorities (Independent)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, More than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Bahrain

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

54 (<100)

Bangladesh

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

903 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.11 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

48% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

47% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

0.59 (<1)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The World Physiotherapy member organisation specific standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Bhutan

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

34 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.48 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

41% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

36% (20-40%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Public only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Cambodia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

146 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.23 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

32% (20-40%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

0.62 (<1)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Fiji

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

59 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

1.02 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

80% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

67% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

5.66 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Hong Kong

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1,026 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

4.75 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

58% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

57% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

3.36 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

One or more independent regulation/licensing/registration authorities (Independent)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

India

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

48,397 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.59 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

65% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

63% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

1.21 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Member organisation

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The World Physiotherapy member organisation specific standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Indonesia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

4,998 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.62 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

68% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

63% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

0.86 (<1)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, Some programmes (Some)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Iran

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

2,045 (1000-10000)

Japan

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

104,610 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

10.27 (10-15)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

36% (20-40%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

36% (20-40%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

10.55 (10-15)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Korea (Republic of)

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

19,508 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

6.79 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

65% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

65% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

8.23 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Kuwait

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

575 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

3.87 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

62% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

78% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

1.21 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, More than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Macau

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

144 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

2.37 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

56% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

56% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Malaysia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1,469 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.79 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

70% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

70% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

5.23 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Mongolia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

198 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.62 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

84% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

84% (>80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

1.58 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

A partnership between a regulation/licensing/registration body and your organisation (Partnership)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Myanmar

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

863 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.15 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

93% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

77% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

0.74 (<1)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Nepal

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

455 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.73 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

42% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

31% (20-40%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

0.36 (<1)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

New Zealand

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

3,769 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

11.67 (10-15)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

82% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

75% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

5.12 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

One or more independent regulation/licensing/registration authorities (Independent)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Pakistan

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1,395 (1000-10000)

Papua New Guinea

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

85 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.1 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

60% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

0.58 (<1)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Philippines

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

5,464 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

1.29 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

65% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

65% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

4.59 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

One or more independent regulation/licensing/registration authorities (Independent)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Saudi Arabia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

300 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

1.19 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

60% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

63% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

2.97 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Singapore

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

347 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

3.58 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

73% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

72% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

1.77 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Sri Lanka

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

360 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.17 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

58% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

58% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

0.92 (<1)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Not defined

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Taiwan

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1,110 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

3.07 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

62% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

59% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

3.15 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Thailand

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1,850 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

1.44 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

68% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

70% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

1.15 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Physical Therapy Council (Other)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

United Arab Emirates

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

314 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

2.98 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

68% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

63% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

1.56 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

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