Policy statement: Noncommunicable diseases

The United Nations has identified cardiovascular

Disease: A pathological condition or abnormal entity with a characteristic group of signs and symptoms affecting the body and with known or unknown aetiology.

See also Health condition

View full list of glossary terms

, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes, and some forms of cancer, and their concomitant risk factors (tobacco, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, insufficient physical , overweight/obesity, raised blood pressure; raised blood sugar; and raised cholesterol) as the noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) leading to the highest incidences of mortality around the world. However, other NCDs including, but not limited to, musculoskeletal (eg osteoarthritis, osteoporosis), neuromuscular (eg Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis), and mental health (eg dementia, schizophrenia) contribute to the high incidence of around the world. The effectiveness of in preventing and managing NCDs and risk factors is well evidenced. 

Back to listing

Policy statement in multiple languages

Policy statement cover thumbnail: Noncommunicable diseases

Noncommunicable diseases


Policy statement cover thumbnail: Noncommunicable diseases (in Japanese)



policy statement: noncommunicable diseases (French)

Maladies non transmissibles