Policy statement: Noncommunicable diseases

The United Nations has identified cardiovascular , chronic respiratory disease, diabetes, and some forms of cancer, and their concomitant risk factors (tobacco, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, insufficient , overweight/obesity, raised blood pressure; raised blood sugar; and raised cholesterol) as the noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) leading to the highest incidences of mortality around the world. However, other NCDs including, but not limited to, musculoskeletal (eg osteoarthritis, osteoporosis), neuromuscular (eg Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis), and mental health (eg dementia, schizophrenia) contribute to the high incidence of around the world. The effectiveness of in preventing and managing NCDs and risk factors is well evidenced. 

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