World Physiotherapy Africa region

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About the region

The region has been active in supporting member organisations achieve better structured physiotherapy services and education programmes. 

In 1991 the region had five members and, after a period of growth, now has 25 members. 

The region has established a sub-regional federation for organisations from Francophone countries (mainly in West Africa). Physiotherapy organisations from East African countries have also started meeting on an annual basis, enabling organisations that are not yet World Physiotherapy members to find out more about our role.

The region is also leading a special project on palliative care physiotherapy with an emphasis on HIV/AIDS.

Executive committee

Events

For details about future meetings and events, please contact [email protected]

Contact details

Profile of the profession in this region

A global profile of the profession is also available.

Accessible version of data

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Benin

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Cameroon

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT member organisation specific standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Congo (Democratic Republic)

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

5-10

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Eswatini

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

60-80%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

0

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Ethiopia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

20-40%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, more than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Ghana

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40-60%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, more than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Some

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Ivory Coast

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Kenya

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Some

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Madagascar

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Some

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Malawi

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Mali

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

20-40%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Masters degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Mauritius

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Some

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Namibia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Niger

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

20-40%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Nigeria

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

20-40%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, more than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Rwanda

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Partnership

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Senegal

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

South Africa

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1000-10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

60-80%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

>80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, more than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Sudan

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

20-40%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

0

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Some

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Tanzania

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

40-60%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Togo

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

<20%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Uganda

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Partnership

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Zambia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Partnership

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, more than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Zimbabwe

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

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