country flag
Member organisation

Canadian Physiotherapy Association

CanadaNorth America Caribbean
mo-hero-overlay
mo-hero-default

The Canadian Physiotherapy Association is one of the founding members of World Physiotherapy in 1951 and is part of our North America Caribbean region. 2020 marks the 100th anniversary of the association.

Our 16th general meeting took place in Vancouver in 2007.

Subgroups

The Canadian Physiotherapy Association recognises the following subgroups:

Year established

1920

World Physiotherapy member since

1951

Year members reported

2019

Number of physiotherapist members

11,901

Canada: a profile of the profession in 2019

mo-pdf-iconDownload profilemo-pdf-iconData disclaimerData correct as at 30 June 2019

Professional titles protected by law

tick-icon

Physiotherapist

tick-icon

physiothérapeute

tick-icon

Physical Therapist

About Canadian Physiotherapy Association and the physiotherapy profession in Canada

Practising physiotherapists in the country/territory

22,391

6.04

Per 10,000 population

female-icon

% female

74%

In this country/territory

66%

In this region

66%

Globally

Physiotherapist members in this member organisation (MO)

11,901

female-icon

% female

69%

In this MO

66%

In MOs in this region

58%

In MOs globally

Physiotherapy professional entry level education

Minimum qualification required to practice

Masters degree

Equivalent fulltime years

6

Number of programmes

15

Regulation

* = Continuing Professional Development

tick-icon

Registration required to practice

tick-icon

CPD* required for re-registration

cross-icon

CPD* required for membership

Practice

Which authority defines scope of practice

One or more independent regulation/licensing/registration authorities

tick-icon

Standards of practice

The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

tick-icon

Education for autonomous practice

All programmes

cross-icon

Legislation to prevent private practice

Physiotherapists are permitted to

Direct access

*Direct access means a person can refer themselves to a physiotherapist without referral from another health professional

tick-icon

Direct access* permitted?

tick-icon

Can people self refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Will this be reimbursed?

In part

tick-icon

Can people self refer to physiotherapists in the public system?

tick-icon

Limitations

May be limitations- practices differ in each province. Some private insurance companies will have requirement for physician referral before claim will be paid by insurance company.

Special interest groups recognised by the member organisation

Continuing Professional Development (CPD) events

Profile of the profession in this region

A global profile of the profession is also available.

Accessible version of data

  • Expand all
  • Collapse all

Barbados

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

>80%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

>80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

0

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Partnership

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, more than one

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Bermuda

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

5-10

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40-60%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

0

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Partnership

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT member organisation specific standard

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Canada

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

>10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

5-10

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40-60%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Masters degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Guyana

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

60-80%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

5-10

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Haiti

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

60-80%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

<1

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Not defined

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Jamaica

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Other

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Panama

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

<20%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Puerto Rico

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

100-1000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

10-15

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Professional doctorate

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, more than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

No

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

St Lucia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

>80%

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

0

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Suriname

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

1-5

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

60-80%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Masters degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

5-10

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Government

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Trinidad and Tobago

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

<100

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

<1

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

40-60%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

0

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

United States

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

>10000

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population

5-10

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

20-40%

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60-80%

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Professional doctorate

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population

1-5

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Independent

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, the WCPT member organisation specific standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Can people self-refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Related content

left-shape