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Member organisation

American Physical Therapy Association

United StatesNorth America Caribbean
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The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) is one of our founding members and is part of our North America Caribbean region. The association’s history dates back to 1921.

Washington was the location for our 13th general meeting in 1995 and our 3rd general meeting took place in New York in 1956.

Subgroups

APTA, or its national special interest groups, are members of the following subgroups recognised by World Physiotherapy:

Year established

1921

World Physiotherapy member since

1951

Year members reported

2020

Number of physiotherapist members

64,789

Contact details

United States: a profile of the profession in 2020

mo-pdf-iconDownload profilemo-pdf-iconData disclaimerData correct as at 30 June 2020

Professional titles protected by law

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Physical Therapist (PT)

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Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT)

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Licenced Physical Therapist (PT is recommended designation)

About American Physical Therapy Association and the physiotherapy profession in United States

Practising physiotherapists in the country/territory

223,751

6.84

Per 10,000 population

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% female

70%

In this country/territory

70%

In this region

63%

Globally

Physiotherapist members in this member organisation (MO)

64,789

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% female

64%

In this MO

66%

In MOs in this region

61%

In MOs globally

Physiotherapy professional entry level education

Minimum qualification required to practice

Professional doctorate

Equivalent fulltime years

2.5

Number of programmes

256

Regulation

* = Continuing Professional Development

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Registration required to practice

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CPD* required for re-registration

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CPD* required for membership

Practice

Which authority defines scope of practice

One or more independent regulation/licensing/registration authorities

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Standards of practice

The World Physiotherapy member organisation specific standard

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Education for autonomous practice

All programmes

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Legislation to prevent private practice

Physiotherapists are permitted to

Direct access

*Direct access means a person can refer themselves to a physiotherapist without referral from another health professional

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Direct access* permitted?

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Can people self refer to physiotherapists in private practice?

Will this be reimbursed?

In part

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Can people self refer to physiotherapists in the public system?

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Limitations

Limitations exists in publically funded programs, such as Medicare. Under Medicare (the government run program for individuals with disabilities and over the age of 65), a patient can self-refer to physical therapists but the physical therapy plan of care must be certified in an expedited manner by the referring physician. In addition, facilities can have additional policies unique to the hospital or the rehabilitation facility can have additional requirements beyond those of the individual patient's insurance provider regarding if a patient is able to self-refer to physical therapists.

Special interest groups recognised by the member organisation

Continuing Professional Development (CPD) events

Profile of the profession in this region

A global profile of the profession is also available.

Accessible version of data

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Bahamas

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

30 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

1.92 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

83% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

85% (>80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

A partnership between a regulation/licensing/registration body and your organisation (Partnership)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Barbados

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

35 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

1.92 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

86% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

85% (>80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

17.44 (15-20)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Bermuda

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

20 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

7.82 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

80% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

80% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Canada

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

11,974 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

6.83 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

69% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

72% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Masters degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

2.02 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

One or more independent regulation/licensing/registration authorities (Independent)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Curaçao

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

45 (<100)

Guyana

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

41 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.53 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

85% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

85% (>80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

6.42 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Haiti

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

39 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.09 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

72% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

85% (>80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

0.9 (<1)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Not defined

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, Some programmes (Some)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Jamaica

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

89 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

1.87 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

74% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

73% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

1.7 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The World Physiotherapy standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Panama

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

81 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

3.97 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

81% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

72% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

4.79 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Puerto Rico

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

115 (100-1000)

St Lucia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

14 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.88 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

93% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

88% (>80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

One or more independent regulation/licensing/registration authorities (Independent)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Suriname

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

51 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

1.51 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

78% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

77% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

8.68 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The World Physiotherapy standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Trinidad and Tobago

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

55 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.67 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

67% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

70% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

United States

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

64,789 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

6.84 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

65% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

70% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Professional doctorate

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

3.91 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

One or more independent regulation/licensing/registration authorities (Independent)

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

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