World Physiotherapy Europe region

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About the region

The Europe region is a member of the European Union (EU) Commission Health Policy Forum and has collaborated with the European Commission on the recognition of professional qualifications, the service directive, patient mobility, healthcare developments and internal market information. It has conducted two projects under the EU Commission Community Action Programme.

The region has held congresses and workshops on education, common platforms to help physiotherapists migrate in the EU and clinical guidelines. It has also developed a range of documents, including core standards of practice, an auditing tool, and physiotherapy service standards.

Executive committee

Profile of the profession in this region

A global profile of the profession is also available.

Accessible version of data

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Albania

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

83 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

1.75 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

57% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

55% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

10.47 (10-15)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Austria

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

5,260 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

17.61 (15-20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

77% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

74% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

6.22 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, More than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Belgium

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

4,744 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

31.11 (>20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

69% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Masters degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

7 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Bosnia and Herzegovina

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

232 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

1.65 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

55% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

55% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

31.59 (>20)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, Some programmes (Some)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Bulgaria

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

278 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

5.69 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

63% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

63% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

1.42 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Croatia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1,975 (1000-10000)

Cyprus

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1,075 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

9.04 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

50% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

51% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

8.41 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Cyprus Physiotherapists and Physiotherapy Establishments Registration Council http://www.cyprus-seff.org/greek/pages.php?pid=10 and The ministry of Health https://www.moh.gov.cy/moh/moh.nsf/index_en/index_en (Other)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Czech Republic

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

603 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

8.47 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

89% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

67% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

6.12 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Denmark

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

12,749 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

26 (>20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

70% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

73% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

8.62 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Estonia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

350 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

7.57 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

93% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

80% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

7.57 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Not defined

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Finland

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

6,170 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

21.75 (>20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

82% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

82% (>80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

13.59 (10-15)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, More than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

France

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

91,333 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

14.93 (10-15)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

51% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

55% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Masters degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

3.58 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Member organisation

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Georgia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

199 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.94 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

83% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

71% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

9.38 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Germany

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

21,430 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

24 (>20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

66% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

74% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

16.4 (15-20)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

One or more independent regulation/licensing/registration authorities (Independent)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Greece

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

3,242 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

8.41 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

54% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

54% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

2.33 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Hungary

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

882 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

5.7 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

95% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

95% (>80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

3.58 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Iceland

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

622 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

19.23 (15-20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

71% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

66% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Masters degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

14.14 (10-15)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Ireland

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

3,132 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

10.51 (10-15)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

72% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

73% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

8.24 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The World Physiotherapy standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Israel

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

750 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

5.63 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

53% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

54% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

7.32 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The World Physiotherapy standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Italy

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

6,959 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

10.25 (10-15)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

55% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

53% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

3.23 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Jordan

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

123 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

2.51 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

59% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

64% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

3.52 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Kosovo

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

698 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

3.78 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

54% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

54% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

2.71 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Latvia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

872 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

6.75 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

92% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

85% (>80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

7.79 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Lebanon

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1,247 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

1.82 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

64% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

64% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

11.68 (10-15)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of health (Other)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, Some programmes (Some)

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Liechtenstein

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

102 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

26.91 (>20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

78% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

78% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

A partnership between a regulation/licensing/registration body and your organisation (Partnership)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Lithuania

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

71 (<100)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

4.3 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

89% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

75% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

19.72 (15-20)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, Some programmes (Some)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Luxembourg

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

777 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

19.75 (15-20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

50% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

50% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Masters degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

16.45 (15-20)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

No

Malta

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

119 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

10.34 (10-15)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

60% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

60% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

10.34 (10-15)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Montenegro

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

361 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

5.8 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

69% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

69% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

16.07 (15-20)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The World Physiotherapy standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Netherlands

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

16,180 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

20.77 (>20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

58% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

59% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

3.77 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, More than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Norway

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

7,175 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

24.88 (>20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

75% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

68% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

4.7 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Poland

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

68,529 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

18.04 (15-20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

74% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

74% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Masters degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

6.58 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Member organisation

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Portugal

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

888 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

13.69 (10-15)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

74% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

80% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

9.24 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The World Physiotherapy standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Romania

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

4,607 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

2.37 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

63% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

63% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

1.8 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Member organisation

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

Yes

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Slovakia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

402 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.74 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

75% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

75% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Diploma

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

10.1 (10-15)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Slovenia

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

706 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

6.98 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

95% (>80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

87% (>80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

14.51 (10-15)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, More than one

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Spain

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

6,438 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

12.23 (10-15)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

66% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

64% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

6.31 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Sweden

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

11,063 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

16.79 (15-20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

78% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

76% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

3.93 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The World Physiotherapy member organisation specific standard

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Switzerland

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

9,408 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

21.14 (>20)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

74% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

72% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

2.94 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Syria

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

41 (<100)

Turkey

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

1,396 (1000-10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

3.16 (1-5)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

69% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

56% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

3.95 (1-5)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

No

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

Ukraine

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

127 (100-1000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

0.67 (<1)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

56% (40-60%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

50% (40-60%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Masters degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

7.62 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

No

Which authority defines scope of practice?

Ministry of Health or another government department (Government)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

No

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

No

Is direct access permitted?

Private only

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

No

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

United Kingdom

How many physiotherapist members does our member organisation have?

50,232 (>10000)

How many practising physiotherapists per 10,000 population?

8.3 (5-10)

What proportion of physiotherapist members are female?

74% (60-80%)

What proportion of practising physiotherapists are female?

75% (60-80%)

What is the minimum qualification required to practice?

Bachelors degree

How many entry level education programmes per 5,000,000 population?

6.84 (5-10)

Is registration required to practice?

Yes

Which authority defines scope of practice?

One or more independent regulation/licensing/registration authorities (Independent)

Is practice guided by specified standards of practice?

Yes, The standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority

Are physiotherapists educated for autonomous practice?

Yes, All programmes (Yes)

Is direct access permitted?

Yes

Do support personnel work with physiotherapists?

Yes

Do physiotherapists need to be a member of our member organisation to practice?

No

Are physiotherapists permitted to provide telehealth services?

Yes

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